The recession of Gums is the process in which the boundary of the gum tissue that surrounds the teeth moves away or pulls back, revealing more of the tooth or the tooth’s root. When your gums start to recede, the pockets or gaps will be formed. When gum recession happens, “pockets,” or gaps, form between the teeth and gum line, creating a space for bacteria to enhance production. If you can’t treat it for a long time, it can damage the teeth’ supporting tissue and bone structures very badly, and your teeth may lose.
Gum recession is a common oral problem these days. Many people don’t observe that they have a gum recession because it happens slowly. Usually, the sensitiveness of your tooth is the very first sign of gum recession. You will notice a tooth that looks larger than normal. Most probably, you can feel a notch near the gum line.
Gum recession is not somewhat you want to overlook. If you observe that your gums are receding, immediately make an appointment with your dentist. Some treatments can patch up the gum and prevent further damage.
Why are my Gums Receding on my Bottom Teeth?
Poor dental hygiene is also the main reason for gingivitis. People having gingivitis may feel irritation, redness, and swelling in their gums around the bottom of their teeth. They may also observe teeth loss and gum bleeding while brushing and flossing the teeth. With time, the condition becomes worse which may lead the gums to turn white and recede.
How to treat and prevent Receding gums?
Why Do Gums Recede?
Several ways can cause the receding gums, which includes:
The bacterial gum infection can destroy your supporting bone and gum tissue to hold the teeth in their right place. Most often Gum disease is the main cause of gum recession.
Some people may be more affected by gum diseases. Researchers studied that 30% of the population may be already affected by gum disease, no matter how much they take care of the teeth.
Aggressive Tooth Brushing:
If you brush your teeth with full force or use the incorrect way, it can cause the enamel on your teeth to wear away, and your gums start to recede.
Insufficient Dental Care:
Insufficient brushing along with flossing and rinsing with an antibacterial mouthwash makes it easy for plaque to turn into calculus (tartar) — a hard substance that builds on and between your teeth and can only be removed by a professional dental cleaning. It can lead to a gum recession.
Hormonal changes such as during puberty, pregnancy, and menopause in females will cause their gums to become more sensitive and fragile and easily get affected by gum recession.
Consumption of Tobacco Products:
Smoking is a bad habit that affects your lungs and your teeth. The tobacco sticks to your teeth and forms a sticky plaque onto the teeth, a leading cause of gum recession. To get rid of gum recession and other oral problems. It would help if you had to stop yourself from taking tobacco.
Clenching and Grinding of Teeth:
The grinding and clenching of your teeth will put extra force onto your teeth and which causes your gums to recede at an early age.
Most of the time, the misalignment of your teeth will put extra force onto your gums and bones, which leads your gums to recede.
Piercing of Mouth:
The piercing in the lips or tongue will badly affect your teeth. The metallic pieces you put on will damage your gum tissues very badly.
Trauma to your Gum Tissues:
The receding gums can also cause receding gums due to some mouth injury. The recession will have appeared at the site of damaged tissues or sometimes near to it.
Receding Gums Symptoms:
Receding gums can cause your teeth to become more sensitive to cold and heat. Many people who have receding gums don’t observe it in the early stages, and they only notice when they become badly affected by it.
most of the time, when people have been experiencing the receding gums, they may notice:
- About the changing appearance of their teeth, the tooth may look longer and possess more space between them. And ultimately, the teeth may lose.
- The teeth become more sensitive to heat and cold.
- It has also been noticed that receding gums will be the main cause of many other dental problems, such as gum disease, tooth decay and loss of teeth. It can also lead to bad breathing and gum bleeding.
Why are my Gums Receding on my Bottom Teeth?
About 70 percent of adult tooth loss will be due to Periodontal diseases, including receding gums as the main cause. When there is a shortage of gum tissues, it becomes difficult for the tissues to hold the tooth roots to their original position. The teeth become fragile, and finally, they will fall out. In some instances, multiple loose teeth are removed by the dentist before they fall out.
More severe cases of receding gums will require advanced surgery to help prevent future damage to your teeth.
A dentist can diagnose Receding gums and other forms of periodontal diseases. A physical examination will also indicate teeth problems. A probe will be used to measure the gum pockets. Probing is a process that uses a small, painless ruler to check your teeth. The size of a Normal pocket will range from 1 to 3 millimeters. Anything larger than this size is a sign of gum disease.
After the diagnosis of receding gums, you may warrant a referral to a periodontist.
Treatments for Gum Recession:
There are several treatments available to cure receding gums.
Treatment with Medications:
A periodontist can determine the best treatment method to save your teeth from receding and help make your gum tissues even more strong. The very first medication given to the patient when an infection is detected is to prescribe him antibiotics.
Other medications will also prescribe other medications to treat the gum problems that lead to gum recession.
These medications are:
- antiseptic chips
- antimicrobial mouthwash
- topical antibiotic gel
- enzymatic suppressant
Surgery will be used in the worst conditions of receding gums. There are generally two common types of surgeries:
flap surgery and gum grafting.
It is a deep cleaning of tissue that will be used when other treatments will fail. It helps to get rid of bacteria and tartar formation on the teeth. To perform the flap surgery, a periodontist will move a part of the gum upward and then put it back into its original place when the surgery is over. Sometimes after flap surgery, the length of the teeth will appear longer because the gums fit closely around the teeth.
For badly recessed gums, the suggested treatment may be oral surgery and tissue grafting. A periodontist does this treatment, and this is a procedure of just a few hours you can go home on the same day as well. It is a common method and very simple too.
There are many different methods to perform gum grafting, which usually involves the removal of tissue from the roof of your mouth, which is then stitched back to your gums on the site of recession.
You may have stitches inside your mouth in one or two sites. Once the operated site has been healed, a normal site of the gum line is obtained. Then the roots are successfully protected and covered again.
Another solution is to use removable veneers which match your gums. They were made from many different materials, like porcelain and can help to regain the original appearance of your gum line and teeth. White porcelain is most commonly used, but pink or reddish colored resins will also be used that match with your gums. It can cover the tooth partially or fully. These are considered temporary options.
Recovery After Surgery:
After surgery, You may need to stop eating hard things for some time to avoid any complications.
Drinking fluids and eating cold food will help minimize the pain and swelling of your gums during your recovery period. You may also need to take only a soft diet for some time and avoid foods which are acidic or hard that may irritate your mouth.
After the surgery, Sometimes antibiotics are also prescribed. It would be best if you took them regularly and with full care during the prescribed period.
You may also suggest stopping brushing and flossing on the site where surgery has been performed. Sometimes, a special mouthwash is also suggested, which helps avoid plaque formation and maintain oral health.
Which Type of Toothpaste will Prevent Receding Gums?
The main objective of toothbrushing is to remove tartar and bacteria from the teeth. The presence of fluoride in your toothpaste will help to kill all kinds of bacteria from your mouth. Some other chemicals are also present in the toothpaste that will help to protect your teeth from any decay.
- The presence of silicates and calcium carbonates helps in the removal of sticky plaque.
- The sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS) presence in the toothpaste gives a foaming effect which helps the patients have low saliva production. It keeps the mouth fresh and hydrated.
- The use of toothpaste that has pyrophosphates and zinc citrate also helps to protect your teeth from bacterial attacks.
- Using correct toothpaste with all these useful ingredients will help protect your teeth from gum receding and further oral diseases.
Other treatment options for Teeth Receding :
For people who do want a proper treatment or surgery for their teeth, there are several other options are present like:
- Use of varnishes, Desensitizing agents, and dentin bonding agents on your teeth. These agents will help to minimize the sensitiveness of the tooth root, which is more exposed. Desensitizing agents help a lot to cure nerve disorders and also help to maintain oral hygiene by making easy brushing for sensitive teeth.
- A dentist will apply tooth-colored composite resins to cover up the surface of the tooth’s root. It will help to close the black pockets formed between the teeth.
- Pink porcelain or composite is the same pink color as the gums, which will apply to fill the gaps formed on the sites where the gums have been receded.
- Orthodontics treatments include treatments that help to slowly move the position of the teeth over a long period. This reallocation of the teeth can be corrected by the gum margin and makes it easy to maintain oral health.
Natural Remedies for Receding Gums:
There are many natural remedies suggested for the treatment of receding gums. You must consult your dentist to choose the best remedy for you.
Here are some natural remedies to treat gum recession
Oil pulling can minimize the bacteria and plaque formation, which leads to the cause of receding gums. Add 2 tablespoons of oil to your mouth and start swishing it for about 20 minutes. After spitting the oil out, you must rinse your mouth with the warm saltwater and brush your teeth after that.
Aloe Vera Gel:
Aloe Vera is an important and useful ingredient in promoting good oral health. Injecting Aloe Vera gel into swollen gums will help to improve your dental problems.
Drinking green tea can also help to prevent gum diseases and enhance the health of your gums and teeth. Drinking one to two cups of green tea daily will help reduce the inflammation of your gums.
You can get rid of swollen gums by regularly rinsing your mouth with saltwater. Run your mouth at least 2 times a day.
Septilin is also present in both syrup and tablet form, which will help to enhance the cure of gum diseases. Use it only by your dentist’s prescription.
The anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of turmeric gel can help stop the formation of plaque and gingivitis, leading to receding gums problems.
Omega-3 Fatty Acids:
Take the food that possesses omega-3 fatty acids. Try to take about 300 mg of omega-3 fatty acids daily to minimize gum swelling and help to improve tooth and gum attachments.
Rinsing your mouth with water solution and hydrogen peroxide will help a lot to treat the receding gums. Rinse your mouth with this solution 2-3 times per week.
Tea Tree Oil:
The European Journal of Dentistry observed that tree oil is very useful against the growth of pathogens into your mouth.
Brushing and Flossing:
Gently brushing your teeth and flossing 2 times a day will promote healthy gums and teeth.
Can Receding Gums be Restored?
Gum recession is a non -reversible process. It means that receded gum tissue will not be able to grow back to its original form. However, you can minimize this problem from getting even worse.
When to See your Teeth a Dentist?
The ADA has suggested that people visit their dentist for a routine check-up at least 2times per year. At the same time, they have noted that some people also require extra visits, which depends on the individual’s oral health.
A person should go to their dentist for a routine check if you feel some:
feel some cavities in the broken or missed fillings crowns
feel some painful, inflamed, or bleeding gum
In some cases, a person with gum disease may feel a painful gum infection called acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (ANUG). That is a serious condition that needs proper medical treatments.
Symptoms of ANUG include:
- painful, bleeding from gums
- ulcers of the gums
- metallic taste from the mouth
- bad breathing
- excessive salivation production
- difficulty in swallowing or talking
A person who may feel any of the above symptoms should speak to their dentist as soon as possible.
One of the main solutions to treat receding gums is to take preventive measures. The most observed cause of gum receding is forcefully brushing the teeth with a hard-bristled toothbrush. Although there is a great need that people should use a toothbrush having soft-bristles and avoid over brushing as well.
Plaque formation and tartar will cause periodontal disease. By maintaining good oral hygiene will help to stop the receding gums. People who are worried about their teeth or receding gums should visit their dentist to discuss their worries.